All institutions and individuals involved in the collection and processing of data during a Census have to comply to very strict rules and regulations. These regulations are included in the Population Count Ordinance (AB 1990, GT 10). All those involved in the Census are obliged by law to keep all information provided to them secret and not make this information known to a third party. Those who violate this regulation will be prosecuted by law with the consequence that they can go to prison or be fined. In case they deliberately violate the privacy of an individual, this is considered to be a criminal offence that can be penalized with a prison sentence with a maximum duration of one year or a fine of up to 6000 Aruban florins. If the right to privacy of an individual has been violated, but not deliberately, by a person involved in the collection of data during the Census, this is considered to be a violation of the law and the person involved can be penalized with a prison sentence of a maximum duration of three months or a fine of up to 600 Aruban florins.

To protect everyone against misuse of their personal information during the Census, a number of practical steps will be taken. Immediately after the Census, the form containing the name, address, date of birth and gender of the person, will be handed over to the Bureau of Civil Registration. By separating this form from the other questionnaires of the Census, all information will be processed completely anonymously. The use of scanning and direct processing of data via computers will also help reduce the number of times personnel of the Central Bureau of Statistics in charge of the Census will have to handle the documents. In addition, the dissemination of data collected during the Census will be very restricted. The data will be published in such an aggregated manner that no individual information will be distinguished.