The most common questions asked during this period about the census are here compiled for you.
According to the United Nations, a population census is the whole process of collecting, compiling, evaluating, analyzing and publishing or otherwise disseminating demographic, economic and social data, pertaining to a specific moment in time, to all individuals in a country or in a well-defined part of a country (Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses, 1998).
A Census is the most important source of information regarding the size, structure and characteristics of a population. Before the start of a Census, “a Census moment” is determined. All information gathered during the Census refers to the situation at that particular point in time.
In most countries a population census is held every 10 years. However, in some countries such as Japan, Austria and Canada, a census is held every 5 years. On Aruba, the population census is conducted every 10 years. In order to optimize the comparability of the compiled data, the United Nations recommends conducting a census on every year ending with “0” (1990, 2000, 2010, 2020 etc.). The Central Bureau of Statistics in Aruba follows as close as possible the United Nations’ recommendations. Therefore, the next census in Aruba will take place in September/October 2020, exactly 10 years after the previous Census which was held in October 2010.
In many countries population censuses are combined with the housing census. Since 1971, the population count on Aruba was combined with a housing count. Therefore, the next count in Aruba will be referred to as the Sixth Population and Housing Census, Aruba.
The information which is collected during the Population Census will (anonymously) be used by a large number of government departments and other non government organisations. The information obtained during the Census will be used for policy-making, planning and administrative purposes. For instance, assistance to vulnerable groups in our community (such as handicapped individuals and the elderly), can only be organised in a proper manner, if the number and characteristics of these groups are fully known and understood.
Additionally, the Census is a valuable source of information for companies and industries. For an effective planning of the labor market it is necessary to have reliable information on the size and composition of the local labor force.
In what manner the information obtained during the Census will be used by the community, is completely dependent on the quality of the data. Two basic elements determine the quality of the Census:
- The completeness of the population and housing count: i.e. the more persons contribute to the census and provide information to the interviewers, the better.
- The quality of the collected information. If participants do not provide correct information, it will create an incorrect impression of the living conditions of our population.
Thus, to optimize the quality and usability of the census data, it is paramount that all individuals on Aruba is counted and that all participants provide correct information. In previous censuses, the cooperation of the population was excellent. The Central Bureau of Statistics rely on all citizens of Aruba to contribute to the progress of our country and to cooperate with Census 2020. For all of us living in Aruba, contributing to the Census is a reflection national pride and love for our country.
Conducting a Population Census is far from easy. During just 1 week, all households on Aruba must be visited. Individual questionnaires have to be filled in for each and every individual living on Aruba. Each census enumerator will have to visit 50 addresses during the week of Census and their time is precious. Therefore, the Central Bureau of Statistics is asking for the cooperation of all households on Aruba to help speed up the enumeration process. You can contribute in many ways:
- When an enumerator arrives at your doorstep, before answering any questions or inviting the person into your home, ask the person for his/her official Census identification badge. All enumerators must have an official identification badge with the Census 2020 logo, the signature of the director of the CBS and a picture of the enumerator. In case you are still not sure, ask the enumerator for a telephone number you can call for more information or get in touch directly with the CBS-Census team on telephone number: 5247433.
- Answer all questions in a correct and concise manner.
- If it is not possible for you to attend an enumerator the first time he or she visits your home, please make an appointment with him or her. Please make sure you and the other household members are at home on the scheduled day and time.
- The enumerator could ask questions you cannot answer immediately. Therefore, prepare yourself beforehand. For instance:
- If you have forgotten the year you were married or divorced, look it up.
- Check your diploma if you do not remember the year you finished your studies.
- During the Census, the enumerator will ask for the size of your home (in square meters). If you do not know the answer to this question, try to measure your living quarters. This also applies to the plot on which the living quarter is situated.
- During the Census, the enumerator will ask for your gross salary. If you do not know it, check your pay-slip.
Who will be counted?
• Who will be counted?
All individuals living on Aruba on Census night.
The Population Census in Aruba is a ‘de jure’ enumeration. Only persons having their usual residence on Aruba are counted. Persons with usual residence on Aruba are:
o persons who, at the time of the Census, had been living on Aruba for one year ort longer and
o persons who, at the time of the Census, had been living on Aruba for less than one year, but who have the intention to remain on the island for one year or longer.
• Who will also be counted?
o All individuals without taking their legal status into consideration, including individuals without a legal permit to stay on the island.
o All homeless individuals, including ‘chollers’. All individuals forming part of our community will be counted;
o Persons who died after the Census night, but before the interview took place;
o Persons living in institutions, like the Hospital, Maristella, Imeldahof, Casa Cuna. Marinierskazerne, KIA, etc. These individuals will be counted by a special team.
• Who will not be counted?
o Tourists (not even if born on Aruba);
o Persons living less than 1 year on Aruba;
o Arubans living abroad (including those studying abroad);
o Dutch Military staying on Aruba for less than 1 year;
o Other persons staying on Aruba for work for less than one year.
How will the enumeration take place?
• Aruba will be divided in districts.
The organization of the Census can be compared to a military operation. In just one week, the whole country must be covered and all households must be visited. In order to do this, the CBS divides Aruba in 60 enumeration districts. All the canvassing activities within each district will be coordinated by a head enumerator. The head enumerators will do their job in a Census office in their designated enumeration district.
• Each enumeration district will be subdivided into 20 to 25 enumeration blocks. During the Census week, the enumerators will visit all households in their enumeration blocks and interview all persons in the encountered households. Each enumeration block consists of some 30 living quarters. Each enumerator will be assigned to one enumeration block, in which he/she must visit all living quarters and interview everyone, who at the time of the Census, had been living on Aruba for one year or longer or who had been living on Aruba for less than one year, but have the intention to remain on Aruba for one year or longer. The questionnaires must be filled in by the enumerator himself/herself.
• Each person will be interviewed personally.
The enumerators will personally interview each person. In case a person is not found at home, after the enumerator has checked several times, another person belonging to the same household can provide the enumerator with information on the person in question (for example, age, education level, work-status, income etc.). Parents/guardian(s) can answer the questions for their children.
The enumerator(s) will visit all households during the Census week. They will go around day and night trying to count every person and household. The Central Bureau of Statistics requests everyone to try to be at home answer all the questions in a correct and concise manner. When it is not possible for you to attend an enumerator, make an appointment with her/him. When making an appointment, make you are at home on the scheduled day and time.
• Concept and definitions for household and living quarter characteristics.
Household: A household if formed by 1 or more persons living together, who have common arrangements for subsistence (food, other necessities,etc…). Household types are for examples: Household consisting of 1 person, households consisting of more persons, collective households and homeless individuals.
Living quarter is a building (or part of a building) or any kind of construction (of any kind of material) in which one household resides or that has been renovated in such a manner that allows one household to reside in it. A construction is a living quarter (permanent or temporary) in which oen household resides (e.g. a living quarter could also be a trailer, a tent, a caravan, a boat, etc). A building can consists of more than one living quarter.
• Concepts and definitions for person and family characteristics.
Family nuclei and persons living alone:
During the Census, the household will be the basis of all collected data. Under the household cape, all individuals will be counted and interviewed. Households will be categorized in two different types: nuclear households and households consisting of one person. For a more practical data collection and processing, individuals living alone will be considered as a family consisting of one person. A nucleus family is for example:
- A married couple without children
- A married couple with children (biological or adopted) who were never married A father with one or more children (biological or adopted) who were never married
- A mother with one or more children (biological or adopted) who were never married
Questions regarding the living quarter will be, in most cases, asked to the reference person. The reference person is the owner of the living quarter (if in ownership) or the one responsible for paying the rent (if the living quarter is rented). In case the living quarter has more than one owner or more than one person is responsible for paying the rent, the eldest person is chosen.
- At all living quarters.
There are different typoes of living quarters on Aruba. According to international definitions, a living quarter is occupied by one household. There are different types of living quarters, such as for example; a house, a ‘cuarto’, an apartment, a trailer, a tent etc.
- At institutions
Individuals living in institutions will also be counted. Institutions are for example:
- Elderly homes (Maristella, Paviljoen, San Pedro)
- Orphanages (Casa Cuna, Imeldahof)
- Prison (KIA)
- Collective living quarters for workers of certain companies
- Respaldo(psychiatric institution)
- Military base (Marinierskazerne)
- Day and night, during the week and the weekend.
Enumerators will put all their effort in obtaining the necessary information and counting all individuals and living quarters on Aruba. For this purpose, enumerators will work every day, day and night, during weekdays and in the weekend, to make sure they encounter as much individuals at home as possible. Nowadays, a large number of individuals has a job, and portion of these individuals work shifts. For this reason, the Central Bureau of Statistics will do its best to ensure the participation of as many individuals as possible to the Census 2020. Only with the cooperation of each and everyone, Census 2020 can be a success!
- Homeless individuals will be taken into account
Individuals without a home are also part of our community and will therefore also be counted and interviewed. A special enumeration team of Census 2020 will be in charge of interviewing this group of individuals.
The Census 2020 will take place on the 1st October until the 10th of October 2020. During this week, our enumerators will visit each and every living quarter on Aruba in order to count all individuals and all living quarters. All individuals who, on Census night, have had their usual residence on Aruba for one year or longer and all individual who have had their usual residence on Aruba for less than one year, but who have intend to stay on Aruba for at least one year, will be enumerated. In case no one if found at home, the enumerator will leave behind a card with the date of the next visit. The Central Bureau of Statistics requests each and every one who receives this card to make sure they are at home on the date and time mentioned on the card. If it is not possible for you to be home, please contact the team of the Central Bureau of Statistics in charge of conducting the Census.
The Central Bureau of Statistics and all its personnel in charge of compiling data, producing statistics and disseminate data has to comply to strict rules and regulations set up to guarantee the privacy of those interviewed. The Statistics Ordinance that was published in 2007 (AB 1991, GT 44) stipulates clearly that all those who misuse the information collected by violating the right of privacy of those interviewed are punishable by law. In case the right of privacy is violated by publishing statistical data from which individual information can easily be distinguished, those involved can be sentenced to prison for a maximum duration of three months or a fine of up to a maximum of 600 Aruba florins. In addition, those who deliberately violate the right of privacy of individuals interviewed, can be sentenced to prison for a maximum duration of six months or a fine of up to a maximum of 2000 Aruban florins. However, it is important to take into account that those responsible can only be prosecuted if those affected deliver an official complaint to the authorities. The Central Bureau of Statistics has always complied strictly with the right of privacy of those involved in their collection of data and has always done its best to guarantee the privacy of the information collected. During all the years the Central Bureau of Statistics has been gathering data, many investigations have been conducted and data has been collected from different sources and individual information has never been revealed or published.
All institutions and individuals involved in the collection and processing of data during a Census have to comply to very strict rules and regulations. These regulations are included in the Population Count Ordinance (AB 1990, GT 10). All those involved in the Census are obliged by law to keep all information provided to them secret and not make this information known to a third party. Those who violate this regulation will be prosecuted by law with the consequence that they can go to prison or be fined. In case they deliberately violate the privacy of an individual, this is considered to be a criminal offence that can be penalized with a prison sentence with a maximum duration of one year or a fine of up to 6000 Aruban florins. If the right to privacy of an individual has been violated, but not deliberately, by a person involved in the collection of data during the Census, this is considered to be a violation of the law and the person involved can be penalized with a prison sentence of a maximum duration of three months or a fine of up to 600 Aruban florins.
To protect everyone against misuse of their personal information during the Census, a number of practical steps will be taken. Immediately after the Census, the form containing the name, address, date of birth and gender of the person, will be handed over to the Bureau of Civil Registration. By separating this form from the other questionnaires of the Census, all information will be processed completely anonymously. The use of scanning and direct processing of data via computers will also help reduce the number of times personnel of the Central Bureau of Statistics in charge of the Census will have to handle the documents. In addition, the dissemination of data collected during the Census will be very restricted. The data will be published in such an aggregated manner that no individual information will be distinguished.
The Statistics Ordinance (AB 1991, GT 44) stipulates clearly that everyone, including legal person are obliged to provide correct information and give insight into accountancy books and other contents of information. Those who because of their position, work or profession are obliged to maintain secrecy, can abstain from providing the requested information, but only of the information requested was provided to them while in their function. Those who decline to provide information or provide incorrect information, are punishable by law and could be sentenced to prison for a maximum duration of one year or a fine of up to 5000 Aruban florins. The Central Bureau of Statistics has always, during all the investigation conducted, received an excellent cooperation from all institutions and the public in general.. The Central Bureau of Statistics hopes always to be able to count on the good cooperation of one and all.
The Population Count Ordinance (AB 1990, GT 10) indicates that every inhabitant of Aruba is obliged to cooperate with the Census. On the other hand, this Ordinance also protects every inhabitant from misuse of their individual information gathered during the Census. In this manner, individuals who because of their position, work or profession are obliged to maintain secrecy, can refrain from providing the information requested, but only when this information was provided to them while in function. Furthermore, this article stipulates that those who do not provide the necessary information, taking into account the valid reasons mentioned above, can be penalized with a prison sentence with a duration of two weeks or a fine of up to 500 Aruban florins.
Each and everyone involved in the 2020 Census, among others, the enumerator(s), are obliged by law to keep all information obtained during the interviewing, confidential. Persons who violate this law can be prosecuted. All the data obtained during the Census 2020 will be used to compile aggregated statistics. No individual information will be published or given to others. The Central Bureau of Statistics has been conducting research for many years and personal information has never been given to other persons or organizations. The privacy of each an every individual interviewed is guaranteed.
The first modern Population Census on Aruba took place in 1960. This Census was organized with the help of the Lago Oil Company. In this first Census a total of 53,199 persons were counted. Consecutive Censuses were held in 1972, 1981 and 2000. Since 1971 the population census has been combined with a Housing Census. Being small in size allows Aruba to go beyond a mere count of its population in a Census. With its Population and Housing census, the Central Bureau of Statistics of Aruba aims at providing the government and the people of Aruba with a picture of the socio-economic and demographic structure of the country.
The 1991 Census was the first Population and Housing count after Aruba attained its Status Aparte within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Previously, Aruba formed part of the Netherlands Antilles. As such, all Censuses and other statistical surveys were centrally organized by the Bureau of Statistics in Willemstad (Curaçao).
The 2010 Population and Housing Census is the temporary endpoint of half a century of Census taking. The information obtained in five consecutive population counts will allow the Central Bureau of Statistics to describe Aruba’s demographic and social history of the last fifty years.
Planification of Census 1991
- Research Method
For the execution of the 1991 Census, Aruba was divided into 45 enumeration areas. Each of these areas was subdivided into several enumeration blocks. An enumeration block comprised a territory containing 25 to 30 addresses. Each enumeration block had to be sufficiently large to be covered by one enumerator during the Census week. For the division of Aruba into about 650 enumeration blocks, a team from the Central Bureau of Statistics did extensive fieldwork in all parts of the country. Based on this fieldwork, detailed maps were drawn. The different enumeration areas and enumeration blocks were outlined on these maps.
A team of enumerators was formed for each enumeration area. Each team was supervised by a head enumerator. The head enumerator was responsible for all the counting activities within the enumeration area. One or two assistants were added to each head enumerator. The main task of these assistants was to inspect the data on the forms for possible errors. A total of 764 head enumerators, assistant head enumerators, and enumerators participated in the 1991 Population and Housing Census. The majority of the Census field staff were teachers and public servants. All teachers and civil servants who participated in the enumeration were exempted from duty, with retention of income.
- Research period
The enumeration activities of the 1991 Population and Housing Census took place during the week of 6 through 13 October. During the Census week, data was gathered with reference to the situation at the Census moment of October 6th, 1991, 0.00 hrs. The coding of the Census forms was finished by mid-April 1992. All forms were manually inspected for coding errors. Data entry of the Population Census was done by keying the information on 5 micro computers by 9 operators during two work shifts. All data was double-keyed for verification. The process of data entry and verification was finished during the first week of May 1992. Data was extensively edited to detect structure errors, inconsistencies, and non-valid values. The selected tables of the Census were published in October 1992, a year after the census fieldwork.
- Household Characterisitcs Questionnaire
- Living Quarter Questionnaire
- Person Questionnaire
- Concepts and definitions
Execution of Census 1991
- Employees of Census 1991
All enumerators who participated during Census 1991 followed a 4 hours training. In the training, the enumerators got an ample explanation regarding the contents of the questionnaires and the procedures to be followed during the Census week. A total of 15 training sessions were given in the period of September 16 to 27, 1991. There were separate training sessions for head enumerators and assistants.
- Publicity campaign
In order to guarantee the success of the Census, a publicity campaign is of paramount importance. For the Census 1991, different methods were used in order to get the attention of the Aruban population. There was a jingle on the radio, a tv commercial and different advertisements and articles published in the local newspaper. Banners, posters and folders were also printed in order to inform each and everyone on the island about the contents and the importance of Census.
Results of Census 1991
- Main publication of Census 1991 results
Other publications based on Census 1991
- Migration and the economy of Aruba, 1993
- The population of Aruba: a demographic profile, 1993
Planning of Census 2000
- Research Method
For the purpose of the 2000 Population and Housing Census, Aruba was subdivided into 54 counting districts. One of the more extensive tasks in Census 2000, was the preparation of the maps for the Census. In the period between July and October 1999, the staff of the Central Bureau of Statistics started with the first fieldork. For the Census 2000, all previous maps of Aruba were digitalized and updated with the collected information from the fieldwork. A Geographical Information System (GIS) based on the digital maps and collected information was created. The Central Bureau of Statistics continued to update the GIS and it is constantly being used as an analytic and cartographical instrument.
The imaging technology which was introduced in Census 2000 was of great importance and delivered excellent results. In addition, computer aided coding was introduced for the first time to accelerate the data handling. The introduction of the scanning and imaging technology resulted in an important reduction in processing time of the data collected during the Census. Six months after the post-Census enumeration was finalised, the book of basic tables was published.
- Research Period
The enumeration activities of the Census 2000 started on Saturday October 14th at 8.00 hours in the morning. At that time, enumerators gathered at their enumeration office, where they received a briefing by the head enumerators. Data was collected with reference to the situation on Census night, October 14th midnight (00:00).
- Household Characterisitcs Questionnaire
- Living Quarter Questionnaire
- Person Questionnaire
- Concepts and definitions
Execution of Census 2000
Every day a member of the Census-team of the Central Bureau of Statistics visited the enumeration offices. In this way, problems were quickly solved. Furthermore, all members of the Census-team had a cellular phone and could be contacted immediately when enumerators or head enumerators had a problem. In Census 2000, a total of 82742 individuals were counted in 26864 households.
- Employees of Census 2000
All participants in Census 2000 received a 4-hour training. During the training session, participants received an ample explanation of the Census contents, the procedures which had to be followed and the questionnaires to be used. Additionally, all enumerators and head enumerators obtained an instruction manual with a breakdown of their tasks. The training sessions started 2 weeks before the Census and finished one week before the start of the Census.
- Publicity campaign
For the purpose of Census 2000, there was an extensive information and publicity campaign. The publicity campaign consisted of: posters, articles and advertisements in local newspapers, banners, commercials and informative programs on radio and television. In addition, all housing units on Aruba received a folder with information about the Census. Furthermore, to increase the visibility of the enumerators, all were dressed in a red poloshirt with the Census 2000 logo.
Census 2000 results
- Principal publication of Census 2000 results
Other publication based on Census 2000.
- Living situation of elderly in Aruba, 2002 (Leefomstandigheden van bejaarden op Aruba, 2002)
- The position of handicaps on Aruba, 2002 (De positie van gehandicapten op Aruba, 2002)
- The people of Aruba, continuity and change, 2002
- Visit every day the enumeration office to which the enumerator is assigned to report the progress made, deliver the forms that have been completed and get new forms if necessary.
- Research Method
One of the more extensive tasks of a Census, is mapping the housing units. To ensure an optimal enumeration of all living quarters on Aruba, enumerators were provided with a most recent update of the CBS Geographical Information System (GIS). For practical purposes of the Population and Housing Census, Aruba was divided into 56 enumeration districts and 1068 enumeration areas (EA). Enumerators were assigned an EA each and were in charge of visiting al housing units in that EA, some 29 to 35 housing units per EA.
During the 2010 Census, two different methods of data collection were used. Census data were collected by means of a ‘short’ questionnaire completed on paper, and a ‘long’ questionnaire completed on a Triple E netbook (hand held computer). The long form questionnaire included 30 extra questions and was completed in at least one enumeration area per enumeration district, totaling 70 EA’s. .
Data collection occurred in the same manner as in the 2000 Census. The Census forms were scanned and a combination of optical mark reading, optical character recognition, and imaging was used to capture the short form data. Digital information from the netbooks was immediately coded, edited and brought together in a national data file. On the occasion of World Statistics Day (20-10-2010), three weeks after the census, the first preliminary results of the census were presented to the general public.
- Research Period
The enumeration activities of the Census 2010 started on Wednesday September 29th at 8.00 hours in the morning. At that time, enumerators gathered at their enumeration office, where they received a briefing by the head enumerators. Data was collected with reference to the situation on Census night, September 29th midnight (00:00).
- Household Characteristics Questionnaire
- Living Quarter Questionnaire
- Person Questionnaire
- Concepts and definitions
Execution of Census 2010
During the Census week, all enumeration activities were coordinated via the Census District Offices. Head enumerators and their assistants were in charge of closely monitoring the progress of the enumeration activities and conducting error checks in the forms completed by the enumerators. They were guided by eight fieldwork teams, consisting of CBS personnel, which made daily visits to each Census District Office. Head enumerators and CBS fieldwork teams were equipped with cellular phones to enhance the communication between the Census District Offices and the CBS and to assist the fieldwork teams in their problem solving tasks. During the Census week, a total of 89,032 individuals were enumerated in 30,340 households. Partly due to the fact that the Census week coincided with an autumn school holiday when many inhabitants spend their vacation abroad, some 3,300 households were not enumerated during the Census week. These households were revisited during the Post-Census enumeration period.
- Employees of Census 2010
All personnel involved in the Census, including staff of the Central Bureau of Statistics, were trained well in advance to ensure an optimal functioning during the Census week. Enumerators were trained on the contents of the questionnaire and the procedures to be followed during the Census week. Enumerators using the netbooks were trained separately. They received information on the contents of the more detailed digital questionnaire and were instructed how to use the netbooks as a data entry device and interviewing tool. Head enumerators and assistants received additional training on administrative procedures to be conducted at their Census District Offices. Head enumerators and their assistants were mostly head of schools and teachers, and of the enumerators selected, nearly 50% were teachers and other public servants.
- Publicity campaign
Before the start of the Census an extensive publicity campaign was held to inform the public about the importance of cooperating with the Census. In April 2010, to mark the official start of the 2010 Census activities, a website was launched with extensive information on the Census. In addition, a Facebook account was created where individuals could receive regular updates and comment on all aspects of the Census. Furthermore, a private company was hired to conduct an extensive publicity campaign through the media. The public was kept informed via newspaper articles and advertisements and appearances of CBS personnel in television and radio programs and news items. In addition, Census jingles were broadcasted via a wide range of radio stations and commercials were aired on a large number of television channels. For the duration of the Census week, they were shown before the start of every movie played at the movie theaters. The publicity campaign also included the placement of posters, banners and flags on key locations on Aruba and the distribution of Census pens and informative folders on heavily trafficked roads by individuals carrying ‘A-Frame’ signs with information on the Census.